Curbing opiate addiction usually involves a comprehensive treatment plan. The plan typically includes medically-assisted detox followed by psychotherapy to treat co-occurring mental health issues.
Undergoing treatment at a rehab center that offers residential or inpatient programs or at an outpatient treatment center are crucial to long-term recovery. Detox centers in Florida that use this all-inclusive approach have helped many clients avoid the risk of overdose, recover from addiction, and formulate a relapse prevention plan.
Opiates and Opiate Addiction
Opiate addiction, also called opioid addiction, is a widespread problem in the US. Millions of Americans, many between the ages of 18-30, struggle daily with addiction to some type of opiate.
Opiates are narcotics derived from the opium or poppy plant and are highly addictive. Examples of opiates are morphine, codeine, fentanyl, oxycodone, and hydrocodone. These narcotics are prescribed by medical professionals to treat severe to chronic pain.
However, they are sometimes misused and abused leading to addiction. Furthermore, heroin, an illegal street drug processed from morphine or the seed of the poppy plant, is widely used purely for recreational purposes. It has no medical use or value but a high addiction rate.
How Do I Know I am Addicted to Opiates?
Both prescription and illicit or illegal street opioids are commonly abused. Eventually, the opioid receptors in the brain grow accustomed to the feel-good sensation these drugs provide and persistently crave for more.
A person is considered addicted to these substances if they compulsively seek and abuse them despite knowing their harmful effects. The following physical or behavioral signs and symptoms can help you determine whether you or a loved is addicted to opiates and need to seek medical treatment at a detox center in Florida.
Signs and Symptoms of Opiate Addiction
• Denying or justifying drug abuse
• Strong, frequent cravings for heroin or other opiates
• Increase in tolerance level or needing more of the drug to get the euphoria effect
• Lying, stealing, or falsify prescriptions to get more of the drug
• Using opioid medication prescribed to someone else
• False sense of high self-esteem
• Feeling anxious, depressed, irritable, or moody when you don’t get the drug
• Behavioral changes, e.g., hostility or aggressiveness
• Lack of good judgment or poor decision making
• Family and friends say you are addicted and encourage you to seek treatment
How Florida Detox Centers Curb Opiate Addiction
Some persons try to quit opiate abuse on their own. However, this approach is not recommended. People addicted to opiates, especially those with chronic addiction, almost always need to be treated at a detox center to prevent medical complications. Common withdrawal symptoms are as follows, some of which can be severe or life-threatening:
• High blood pressure
• Abdominal cramps
• Nausea and vomiting
• Sweating, chills, or fever
• Trouble sleeping
• Dilated pupils
• Severe body aches and pains
• Irritability, anxiety or panic attacks
Detox centers in Florida use various types of medications to perform a medically-assisted detox. Detoxification is the process of withdrawal from opiates, such as heroin, to rid the body of the drug and stabilize the client to the point where they no longer crave the substance. Detox is done in a safe, compassionate, and supportive environment.
The client is supervised every step of the way by medical professionals who help them manage withdrawal symptoms throughout the recovery process. Counselors and psychiatrists are usually on standby to provide emotional support during detoxification since physical detox can trigger a wide range of emotions and dangerous or unusual behaviors.
Types of Drugs Used for Opiate Detox
Detox centers may conduct inpatient or outpatient detox. The recommended program is determined based on how long the individual abused drugs and the severity of the addiction.
During detox, any of the following drugs may be used to manage cravings and prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms. They are initially administered during the induction phase, about 12 to 48 hours after the last heroin dose. The early stage of withdrawal typically sets in by then.
Suboxone: This is a combination drug with the active ingredients buprenorphine and naloxone. Suboxone is a partial opioid agonist approved by the FDA specially for tapering users off opiates.
It works by blocking the opioid receptors in the brain, reduce cravings, and alleviate the severity of the symptoms making withdrawal much more tolerable. Suboxone is regarded as a “blockbuster” drug because it is an effective opioid that treats opiate dependence without causing suboxone addiction.
Methadone: Tapering users off heroin and other opiates can be achieved with the use of methadone, another opioid medication. It is given in low doses and helps prevent and relieve withdrawal symptoms.
Buprenorphine (Subutex): Another commonly prescribed drugs for heroin withdrawal is buprenorphine. It reduces cravings and alleviates symptoms such as muscle aches and vomiting, making it easier for a client to quit opiate use.
Naltrexone: Brain receptors that react to heroin use are blocked using naltrexone. Prescribed doses of this opioid receptor antagonist reduce heroin and opioids cravings, paving the way to sobriety.
A different medication may be used to treat different withdrawal symptoms, but these drugs have one thing in common. They trick the brain into thinking the crave for opioids has been satisfied and, therefore, allows the client to successfully taper off heroin or other drugs.
Gradual and systematic withdrawal at a detox center increases the chance for long-term sobriety. Withdrawal timelines vary from person to person, and it could take weeks or months before the patient is considered stabilized and ready to transition into post-detox rehabilitation.
Therapy After Detox for Opiate Addiction
Medically-assisted detox using opioid medication to manage withdrawal symptoms is just one leg of addiction recovery. Once the client no longer wants to use opiates, they should undergo psychological treatment to address underlying mental health issues associated with addiction.
Co-occurring mental or psychological problems include Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression, and insomnia. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is commonly used by Florida addiction treatment centers during this stage of recovery. It helps the client uncover the things that trigger opiate use and abuse.
Understanding the underlying causes help clients choose healthier or positive responses to triggers instead of returning to drug abuse. Family sessions may also be incorporated into the treatment plan to help family members understand how addiction affected them and provide tips to help the client from relapsing.
If you are ready to take back control of your life and live free from heroin or opioid addiction, calling a Florida detox center near you can put you on the road to recovery. Call us today at 866-802-6848!