Crack Detox Program

AN OVERVIEW OF CRACK

Crack cocaine falls under the category of stimulant drugs, due to its effects. Stimulants are an incredibly powerful, dangerous, and addictive class of drugs. As the word “stimulant” indicates, these substances stimulate the central nervous system, amplifying a person’s energy level via an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. 

Typically, stimulant drugs have a rapid onset and a relatively abrupt “comedown”, which means that the effects both set in and fade away rather quickly. It’s largely the rapid onset of their effects that stimulant drugs have remained so popular and are considered an extremely addictive family of drugs.

Under the same category, there are a variety of different stimulants, including cocaine, methamphetamine, and steroids. However, many stimulants have similar effects that vary only in their intensity and how long they take to wear off.

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WHAT EXACTLY IS CRACK COCAINE?

You’ve probably already realized that crack is related to cocaine, which is one of the most well-known and widely-used stimulant drugs. Crack is actually a specific form of cocaine that is imbibed via smoking rather than by insufflating — inhaling through the nose — the drug in its more familiar powdered form. The reason that crack and cocaine are often discussed separately is because crack is offers a much higher intensity of effects, a more rapid onset, and is, therefore, considered to be the most addictive form of cocaine.

Crack and cocaine share essentially the same history: Both are versions of a single substance that comes from the South American coca leaf. Upon being isolated in a laboratory setting, cocaine was used for a variety of medicinal purposes as well as for common ailments like toothaches, for dieting, and even as an energy source. Crack wasn’t developed until cocaine became a ubiquitous narcotic bought and sold on the street; users found that they could mix cocaine with baking soda or some other base, put the powdered mixture into water, apply light heat, and obtain solid chunks of cocaine that could be smoked for more intense effects with a much faster onset. In fact, the efficacy of the freebase form of cocaine was so much greater than that of powdered cocaine that the United States soon found itself in the midst of a “crack epidemic”, which took place for a significant part of the 1980s and was especially problematic in the American South.

There were a couple important economic factors that led to the rapid rise in popularity of crack. For one thing, a cocaine habit would quickly become expensive, so those with an affinity for stimulants found themselves in need of a cheaper alternative. Since the efficacy of crack cocaine is much higher than cocaine, users could spend far less for smaller amounts of the drug since it was so much more powerful; however, just as the drug’s effects are quick to set in, they’re also quick to fade. So while crack was less expensive and more intense than cocaine, the rapid comedown meant even more intense cravings for more of the drug. In other words, crack cocaine was extremely difficult to stop using once a person started. This has remained one of the hallmark characteristics of crack cocaine and is one of the major reasons why it’s still a major problem today.

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EFFECTS OF CRACK COCAINE

As mentioned above, one of the main characteristics of crack, and what differentiates it from cocaine, is that its high comes in a quick burst and also subsides quite suddenly, leaving the user feeling depressed and with intense cravings for more of the drug. But crack has numerous other effects, too. When under the influence of crack, individuals often feel edgy, anxious, and exhibit excessive energy. They talk quickly, often sweat profusely, and can be quite impulsive. In some cases, users become quite paranoid, which is exacerbated by their high energy and anxiety. Much like cocaine, crack is known to deplete an individual’s appetite, makes it quite difficult for users to sleep, and causes an increase in breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure to coincide with the euphoria.

There are more permanent effects, too. The long-term use of crack has been associated with damage to blood vessels in the brain and elsewhere, making a person more likely to suffer from stroke or seizure. As well, the effect of crack use on appetite often causes dramatic weight loss and malnutrition. Crack use is also known to damage the enamel on teeth, resulting in noticeable tooth decay and other dental problems.

CRACK COCAINE WITHDRAWAL

Again, as is the case with cocaine, the use of crack affects the brain’s neurochemical level. In particular, crack bonds to receptors for dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin; collectively, having these neurotransmitters thrown off balance is what reinforces the rewarding behavior of drug use and amplifies an individual’s mood while under the influence. Over time, the brain becomes accustomed to having intense activity in areas of the brain where these neurochemicals are active, which means that when the individual doesn’t have crack cocaine in his or her system, the body experiences a deficit of these chemicals. This is what causes symptoms of discomfort known as withdrawal.

For crack cocaine and other stimulants, withdrawal symptoms are quite unusual, especially when compared to the withdrawal symptoms of some type of opioid. When experiencing withdrawal, crack cocaine users exhibit a noticeable lack of energy, lethargy, depression, and physical discomfort. Oftentimes, there’s a sense of anxiety and urgency that causes the person to feel a strong compulsion to obtain more crack cocaine. In addition to depression, there’s often unpredictable changes in mood, which can be accompanied by shaking and trembling of the hands and limbs. Fortunately, while crack cocaine withdrawal is unpleasant, it’s treatable.

OVERCOMING CRACK COCAINE ADDICTION

Any individual who suffers from addiction to crack cocaine can take advantage of the resources that are available to overcome crack addiction. After an initial detox to address physical dependency and withdrawal, an individual will participate in a combination of individual psychotherapy, group counseling sessions, life skills training, and relapse prevention sessions to learn the various skills that are required to achieve long-lasting sobriety. The goal of a crack addiction treatment program is to help an addict get sober while arming him or her with a toolbox of strategies that will help him or her become productive and sober members of their communities.

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Finding the right help for yourself or a loved one can be an overwhelming and stressful process. We can remove those stresses by helping you find the right rehabilitation facility. Call us now to start the road to recovery.

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Real Client Testimonials

  • Before coming to coastal I was hopeless, helpless, and my family wanted nothing to do with me. It wasn’t the first detox I’d ever been to, but it was the only one who showed me so much love and compassion. They gave me hope. It’s hard to put into words the amount of gratitude I have for this facility. The employees were my family when I had none. The staff went out of their way to make sure not only were my physical needs taken care of, but my emotional needs as well. From the first phone call prior to admission, to helping me set up continuing care, they never missed a beat. Even going as far as to help me with my legal issues via Zoom court. This isn’t just a detox, they are the family I never had. All of the techs, especially Karen, are phenomenal. They will take the time to listen to you, laugh, and cry(if needed) with you. If you are reading this and you or your loved one is suffering like I was, go to Coastal Detox. The level of care is more than I could ever put into a review. It wasn’t the first detox I’d been to, but it has been my last; I owe them everything I have today, including my life.

    Travis B. Avatar
    Travis B.
    12/07/2020
  • Had a really good experience at Coastal. The staff really went above and beyond in helping me get in and gave me the respect l, space and care I needed after I first got there. As I started to fell better they encouraged me to take part in groups which helped get me out of my head and bring positivity and health to my thinking. They had a great massage therapist, who came daily and it was evident the nursing staff genuinely cared. Got to know some of the staff as well and I’m grateful for the cooks Joe and Chris. Those guys literally made us sirloins and pork chops for dinner. Also I gotta thank Chris and Chris for helping me get in and setting me up with a transition plan. Real grateful for that help, I’m not sure if it’s management intention to hire guys named Chris but they got a good thing going there. Overall, I’m clean and sober today and walking it out. Coastal gave me a base that set me up for the success that I’m walking in today

    Brandon B. Avatar
    Brandon B.
    1/16/2020
  • My family is very thankful for Coastal Detox. They have went above and beyond for my son a few times. Unfortunately he has needed their help more than once and they have ever turned their back on him, even when he was at his worst. Jeannie and Chris have been amazing and kept me informed through the entire process. They truly care about the addict and want to help them especially when it would be easy to give up on them. I had many detox facilities be rude and uncaring to me when I was searching for help for my son, but Coastal never did that to us. I don't know the names of all the team members that have helped my son but I know their are many and y'all are angels!! One day we will be able to pay it forward and help someone as you have helped us. Thank you for all you do!!

    Brenda A. Avatar
    Brenda A.
    1/01/2020
  • Can not say enough nice things about Coastal Detox & staff. Family member was there, told me five stars for the facility & all whom she interacted with. Said the facilities, ambience..., cleanliness, grounds, food, (think their chef is five stars), were all top shelf. All I interacted with personally & on the phone were patient, professional, responsive & caring. Kudos to so many: Jeannie Jones, Clinical Director whom I spent the most face to face time with: great oversight, patience & follow thru. Raquel Barker, Therapist was so understanding & on spot with her assessments/care. Kris Garrigus Admissions Director, another Coastal professional whom I cannot say enough nice things about, always so patient & responsive to my probably too frequent inquires. Not to be forgotten is Judy Tucker, Director of Operations she too so patiently "put up with me"
    I highly recommend Coastal Detox

    Susan C. Avatar
    Susan C.
    11/13/2019
  • Can not say enough nice things about Coastal Detox & staff. Family member was there, told me five stars for the facility & all whom she interacted with. Said the facilities, ambience..., cleanliness, grounds, food, (think their chef is five stars), were all top shelf. All I interacted with personally & on the phone were patient, professional, responsive & caring. Kudos to so many: Jeannie Jones, Clinical Director whom I spent the most face to face time with: great oversight, patience & follow thru. Raquel Barker, Therapist was so understanding & on spot with her assessments/care. Kris Garrigus Admissions Director, another Coastal professional whom I cannot say enough nice things about, always so patient & responsive to my probably too frequent inquires. Not to be forgotten is Judy Tucker, Director of Operations she too so patiently "put up with me"
    I highly recommend Coastal Detox

    Susan C. Avatar
    Susan C.
    11/06/2019

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