Crack Detox Program

AN OVERVIEW OF CRACK

Crack cocaine falls under the category of stimulant drugs, due to its effects. Stimulants are an incredibly powerful, dangerous, and addictive class of drugs. As the word “stimulant” indicates, these substances stimulate the central nervous system, amplifying a person’s energy level via an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. 

Typically, stimulant drugs have a rapid onset and a relatively abrupt “comedown”, which means that the effects both set in and fade away rather quickly. It’s largely the rapid onset of their effects that stimulant drugs have remained so popular and are considered an extremely addictive family of drugs.

Under the same category, there are a variety of different stimulants, including cocaine, methamphetamine, and steroids. However, many stimulants have similar effects that vary only in their intensity and how long they take to wear off.

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WHAT EXACTLY IS CRACK COCAINE?

You’ve probably already realized that crack is related to cocaine, which is one of the most well-known and widely-used stimulant drugs. Crack is actually a specific form of cocaine that is imbibed via smoking rather than by insufflating — inhaling through the nose — the drug in its more familiar powdered form. The reason that crack and cocaine are often discussed separately is because crack is offers a much higher intensity of effects, a more rapid onset, and is, therefore, considered to be the most addictive form of cocaine.

Crack and cocaine share essentially the same history: Both are versions of a single substance that comes from the South American coca leaf. Upon being isolated in a laboratory setting, cocaine was used for a variety of medicinal purposes as well as for common ailments like toothaches, for dieting, and even as an energy source. Crack wasn’t developed until cocaine became a ubiquitous narcotic bought and sold on the street; users found that they could mix cocaine with baking soda or some other base, put the powdered mixture into water, apply light heat, and obtain solid chunks of cocaine that could be smoked for more intense effects with a much faster onset. In fact, the efficacy of the freebase form of cocaine was so much greater than that of powdered cocaine that the United States soon found itself in the midst of a “crack epidemic”, which took place for a significant part of the 1980s and was especially problematic in the American South.

There were a couple important economic factors that led to the rapid rise in popularity of crack. For one thing, a cocaine habit would quickly become expensive, so those with an affinity for stimulants found themselves in need of a cheaper alternative. Since the efficacy of crack cocaine is much higher than cocaine, users could spend far less for smaller amounts of the drug since it was so much more powerful; however, just as the drug’s effects are quick to set in, they’re also quick to fade. So while crack was less expensive and more intense than cocaine, the rapid comedown meant even more intense cravings for more of the drug. In other words, crack cocaine was extremely difficult to stop using once a person started. This has remained one of the hallmark characteristics of crack cocaine and is one of the major reasons why it’s still a major problem today.

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EFFECTS OF CRACK COCAINE

As mentioned above, one of the main characteristics of crack, and what differentiates it from cocaine, is that its high comes in a quick burst and also subsides quite suddenly, leaving the user feeling depressed and with intense cravings for more of the drug. But crack has numerous other effects, too. When under the influence of crack, individuals often feel edgy, anxious, and exhibit excessive energy. They talk quickly, often sweat profusely, and can be quite impulsive. In some cases, users become quite paranoid, which is exacerbated by their high energy and anxiety. Much like cocaine, crack is known to deplete an individual’s appetite, makes it quite difficult for users to sleep, and causes an increase in breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure to coincide with the euphoria.

There are more permanent effects, too. The long-term use of crack has been associated with damage to blood vessels in the brain and elsewhere, making a person more likely to suffer from stroke or seizure. As well, the effect of crack use on appetite often causes dramatic weight loss and malnutrition. Crack use is also known to damage the enamel on teeth, resulting in noticeable tooth decay and other dental problems.

CRACK COCAINE WITHDRAWAL

Again, as is the case with cocaine, the use of crack affects the brain’s neurochemical level. In particular, crack bonds to receptors for dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin; collectively, having these neurotransmitters thrown off balance is what reinforces the rewarding behavior of drug use and amplifies an individual’s mood while under the influence. Over time, the brain becomes accustomed to having intense activity in areas of the brain where these neurochemicals are active, which means that when the individual doesn’t have crack cocaine in his or her system, the body experiences a deficit of these chemicals. This is what causes symptoms of discomfort known as withdrawal.

For crack cocaine and other stimulants, withdrawal symptoms are quite unusual, especially when compared to the withdrawal symptoms of some type of opioid. When experiencing withdrawal, crack cocaine users exhibit a noticeable lack of energy, lethargy, depression, and physical discomfort. Oftentimes, there’s a sense of anxiety and urgency that causes the person to feel a strong compulsion to obtain more crack cocaine. In addition to depression, there’s often unpredictable changes in mood, which can be accompanied by shaking and trembling of the hands and limbs. Fortunately, while crack cocaine withdrawal is unpleasant, it’s treatable.

OVERCOMING CRACK COCAINE ADDICTION

Any individual who suffers from addiction to crack cocaine can take advantage of the resources that are available to overcome crack addiction. After an initial detox to address physical dependency and withdrawal, an individual will participate in a combination of individual psychotherapy, group counseling sessions, life skills training, and relapse prevention sessions to learn the various skills that are required to achieve long-lasting sobriety. The goal of a crack addiction treatment program is to help an addict get sober while arming him or her with a toolbox of strategies that will help him or her become productive and sober members of their communities.

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Finding the right help for yourself or a loved one can be an overwhelming and stressful process. We can remove those stresses by helping you find the right rehabilitation facility. Call us now to start the road to recovery.

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Jodi Silverman Goldberg
Jodi Silverman Goldberg
2022-03-21
Verified
It been almost a year!! Thank y’all
Matthew Mcnulty
Matthew Mcnulty
2022-03-07
Verified
This is the top tier Rehab/Detox center in Southeast FL. I’ve heard nothing but good things about them. Their attention to detail is impressive. They specialize in treating alcohol abuse among several other conditions. If you or a loved one are looking for a blueprint on how to sober up…Coastal Detox will lead you there.
Mary Katz
Mary Katz
2022-02-26
Verified
My experience with Coastal has been one of empathy, kindness and family. From Admissions to Nurses to techs I have never felt so cared for. Food and drink 24/7. Coastal is a place I went twice. First time 14 days next 6days later for another 11. At 59 and umpteen detoxes Coastal by far is Heaven Sent! As a Nutritionist and Trainer, I'm so happy to be back....the Mary ,who was lost:)
vicky ehr
vicky ehr
2022-01-29
Verified
Great place . Helped me so much I am a 64 year old woman and this place got me sober with dignity and kindness. I highly recommend it plus the food is incredible. Rooms are really well laid out. 2 guys to a room . Each bed has its own t.v with head sets so you dont bother your roomate. Take an extra pillow and comfort blanket from home. At least 3 pairs of pj’ s sock and shoes and comfortable clothing fit. You do your own laundry there. I will send you the link to look at. After thinking all morning this is hands down the place for you. Lots of young people and fantastic therapists. For my wonderful son who suffers. From addiction the way I do.
Melissa Lorina
Melissa Lorina
2022-01-13
Verified
I am the mom of an addict. My son arrived at Coastal Detox on his own...very torn...very broken...tired of being sick and tired.I can not rave about this place enough. From the 1st phone call, it all went great! Great staff, great nurses, very helpful at all times...very caring and loving. He has chosen to go forward with a program...which is amazing to me...this is a break through for sure! If your reading this and are trying to decide wether to come here or not...hands down...the answer is yes!!! This place is amazing and changed my world for sure! I pray all that enter these doors, finds recovery! It is possible and this place is amazing!!! They should have 10 Stars!!! Awesome experience for me to witness the 1st day of the rest of my son's life sober!!! I am so grateful for this place...pick them...pick recovery!!!💜💜💜💜💜💜💜
John Doe
John Doe
2021-12-02
Verified
The staff is very caring it’s extremely clean with delicious food ( healthy and comfortable). It’s 4 stars because the administration just needs some work. It’s still one of the best places I’ve been too. Thank you to ALL the staff you made me feel loved , safe , and helped me through some very difficult times. If you need a detox that cares this is the place to go!

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