What is self-abuse or harm? Self-harm in adults and other ages occurs when people hurt themselves intentionally. Although people typically keep their self-harm a secret, it is not uncommon. This is especially true among adolescents and young adults, and some parents see it in preteens and even kids under the age of 10 sometimes. There may be a wide range of reasons why people harm themselves. Mental illness, bullying, low self-esteem, and other actions or emotions that are negative can contribute to self-harming behaviors.
There are several ways that people may harm themselves. It is important to know the different types of self-harming behaviors to better identify symptoms in a loved one. These are some common types of self-harming behaviors:
Although bodily mutilation is a common form of self-harm, many people turn to drugs, alcohol, or toxic substances. For example, a teenager may drink cleaning fluid that is toxic. Another person may consume enough alcohol to warrant a trip to the emergency room, and another person may take a dangerous dose of an illegal drug or a prescription drug.
Self harm in adults and children can show itself through daily signs. People who suspect that a loved one, a classmate, a colleague, or a friend may be inflicting self-harm may see multiple signs. These are some examples:
If you notice any of these signs in a loved one, they may be struggling with a self-harm problem.
The causes of self-harm often depend on the age of the person. For example, self-harm in adults may be due to stresses of work and marriage, and self-harm in teens may be from bullying. According to self-reports from patients and analyses from professionals, these are some common reasons for self-harm:
Self-harm in adults can have physical and psychological effects. The physical effects depend on the form of self-harm. For example, people who cut themselves will have scars. People who consume harmful substances may experience brain damage or altered cognition on a short-term or long-term basis. The physical effects of self-harm often lead to the psychological effect of shame. People may feel ashamed of their scars or that others know about their self-harm.
People who harm themselves tend to spend a lot of time alone. They may sacrifice a job, family relationships, friendships, and other connections. One serious risk of perpetual self-harming behavior with mental illness is suicidal ideation or attempting suicide. However, it is important to note that not all people who are prone to self-harm are suicidal.
Substance abuse is when someone misuses a substance, and addiction is when a person is unable to stop using it. When people misuse substances, they may take a higher dose, take doses more often than recommended or use a substance that they do not have a medical need for. A person who misuses alcohol may drink an entire bottle of wine in an hour instead of one glass.
For another example, someone who has surgery and receives prescription painkillers temporarily may take them too frequently after building a tolerance. The person may continue taking them, even after the pain is gone, by obtaining them illegally from someone else. When substance abuse turns into addiction, it requires professional treatment. Addiction is a brain disease and it is a chronic and relapsing one. Substances alter the way the brain perceives pain and rewards, and it affects the parts of the brain that control judgment and impulses. People who are addicted to substances may behave irrationally, impulsively, or even violently.
It is often difficult for people to admit and recognize when they are misusing a substance. If a concerned loved one brings up a possible substance use disorder, a person with a substance problem may react with defensiveness or rationalization. These are some signs that a person may have a substance use disorder:
Unusual behavior may be lethargy, sleepiness, talkativeness, or excessive energy. The type of substance and its actions determine the behavioral changes in a person.
In one study, researchers found some interesting trends among people who used substances, people who injured themselves deliberately, and those who did both. They found that substance abuse was linked to a wide range of behaviors and situations, but self-harm was always connected to negative emotions. When people experience negative emotions perpetually, those emotions can turn into depression, anxiety, or another mood disorder.
For some people, cutting can be addictive if they have intrusive negative emotions often. Many people who inflict harm on themselves have an underlying mental health issue or multiple issues. Some have PTSD from childhood abuse, and others may have depression, BPD, or another mental health issue that may or may not be undiagnosed.
When people have depression or another mental health issue that comes with negative emotions and pain, they often turn to substances. Add the negative brain-related effects of addiction, and it is easy to see how violent or impulsive behavior can be dangerous. The dangers of cutting yourself and bleeding excessively or fatally while abusing a substance are higher.
One person may take opioid painkillers to feel euphoric because of constant feelings of fear and shame after childhood trauma. Another person may drink excessively to numb the pain of depression after a divorce. While some people struggle with situations, others struggle with daily life in many ways for their entire lives. They often turn to addictive substances or practices, like self-harm, to dull the pain. When people use substances to battle emotional turmoil, and they harm themselves because they feel empty, self-harm and substance abuse can create an endless cycle.
The dangers of cutting yourself go beyond bleeding when you become addicted to a substance. It is important to seek help for both issues at the same time. Detox is the first and most important step. During detox, a person’s body naturally cleanses itself from harmful substances. In a detox facility with medical supervision, staff monitor people 24/7 to watch for negative effects. They can provide medication and supportive care to help people get through the unpleasant phase of detox.
Because the effects of detoxing from some types of substances can be painful and dangerous, it is critical to have medical supervision. This is especially true for someone prone to self-harm. A person who is stopping an addictive substance may feel much more depressed than usual, and if that person tends to self-inflict harm, the results can be dangerous without supervision. Once detox is over, the individual can seek ongoing help for the self-harm problem.
If you or someone you know is ready to get clean from alcohol or drugs, Coastal Detox is here to help. Our facility is serene, welcoming, and safe. We have a team of professionals who work together to ensure that detox is as safe and comfortable as possible. Our facility uses medication-assisted treatment to ease symptoms of withdrawal. We use a holistic approach to cleanse the mind, body, and spirit during detox.
Our team is sensitive to the needs of individuals and understands how addiction and self-harm affect each person differently. We learn about each person’s past struggles, present needs, and future goals. Also, our team is skilled at helping people who suffer from mental health issues and addiction find simultaneous treatment for both issues.
Our Stuart facility welcomes locals and people from other parts of Florida. Many people still have concerns, such as understanding what is self abuse or how to identify other possible signs of self-harm in adults. If you have any questions or want to learn more about our treatment options, please contact us.
Before coming to coastal I was hopeless, helpless, and my family wanted nothing to do with me. It wasn’t the first detox I’d ever been to, but it was the only one who showed me so much love and compassion. They gave me hope. It’s hard to put into words the amount of gratitude I have for this facility. The employees were my family when I had none. The staff went out of their way to make sure not only were my physical needs taken care of, but my emotional needs as well. From the first phone call prior to admission, to helping me set up continuing care, they never missed a beat. Even going as far as to help me with my legal issues via Zoom court. This isn’t just a detox, they are the family I never had. All of the techs, especially Karen, are phenomenal. They will take the time to listen to you, laugh, and cry(if needed) with you. If you are reading this and you or your loved one is suffering like I was, go to Coastal Detox. The level of care is more than I could ever put into a review. It wasn’t the first detox I’d been to, but it has been my last; I owe them everything I have today, including my life.
Had a really good experience at Coastal. The staff really went above and beyond in helping me get in and gave me the respect l, space and care I needed after I first got there. As I started to fell better they encouraged me to take part in groups which helped get me out of my head and bring positivity and health to my thinking. They had a great massage therapist, who came daily and it was evident the nursing staff genuinely cared. Got to know some of the staff as well and I’m grateful for the cooks Joe and Chris. Those guys literally made us sirloins and pork chops for dinner. Also I gotta thank Chris and Chris for helping me get in and setting me up with a transition plan. Real grateful for that help, I’m not sure if it’s management intention to hire guys named Chris but they got a good thing going there. Overall, I’m clean and sober today and walking it out. Coastal gave me a base that set me up for the success that I’m walking in today
My family is very thankful for Coastal Detox. They have went above and beyond for my son a few times. Unfortunately he has needed their help more than once and they have ever turned their back on him, even when he was at his worst. Jeannie and Chris have been amazing and kept me informed through the entire process. They truly care about the addict and want to help them especially when it would be easy to give up on them. I had many detox facilities be rude and uncaring to me when I was searching for help for my son, but Coastal never did that to us. I don't know the names of all the team members that have helped my son but I know their are many and y'all are angels!! One day we will be able to pay it forward and help someone as you have helped us. Thank you for all you do!!
Can not say enough nice things about Coastal Detox & staff. Family member was there, told me five stars for the facility & all whom she interacted with. Said the facilities, ambience..., cleanliness, grounds, food, (think their chef is five stars), were all top shelf. All I interacted with personally & on the phone were patient, professional, responsive & caring. Kudos to so many: Jeannie Jones, Clinical Director whom I spent the most face to face time with: great oversight, patience & follow thru. Raquel Barker, Therapist was so understanding & on spot with her assessments/care. Kris Garrigus Admissions Director, another Coastal professional whom I cannot say enough nice things about, always so patient & responsive to my probably too frequent inquires. Not to be forgotten is Judy Tucker, Director of Operations she too so patiently "put up with me"
I highly recommend Coastal Detox
I highly recommend Coastal Detox